A barrier is anything that prevents something to reach its destination. Whereas in communication a barrier is referred to as it prevents a message to reach the recipient in a proper manner and with a proper meaning. One should overcome all these barriers to become an effective communicator.
The barriers to communication are as follows:
Physical Barriers: Any obstacle which reduces the clarity of speech or effectiveness of communication or simply noise which acts as a barrier to communication.
Semantic Barriers: Semantic barriers occur with unfamiliar words. That is, the meanings we attach to the words differ from others who involved in communication.
Interpersonal Barriers: These are the barriers which that obstruct exchange of information between individuals. It is not making the other person listen to you, but listening to the other person.
Gender Barriers: Gender barriers dropped in recent years, but still there is a possibility of misconstrue with each other. Men and women think in different manners, and this must be taken into account when communicating.
Emotional Barriers: This is the major category of barriers that may make effective communication difficult. Extreme fear and lack of trust prevent one from doing many things difficult including communicating effectively.
Psychological Barriers: Psychological barriers arise from emotions, motives, social values etc. These create psychological distance, cause misunderstanding among the people and hinder the process of communication.